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Transportation in Cambodia


Land transport facilities suffered wholesale destruction during the 1970-75 war. Cambodia's first railway, a 385-km single track from Phnom Penh to Paoy Pet, was badly damaged in the fighting; moreover, a just-completed 262-km line from Phnom Penh to Kampong Sam was also disabled. The line to Kampong Sam was restored in November 1979, and a Phnom Penh-Băttâmbâng railway was reopened in February 1980. Rail service has been periodically disrupted by guerrilla operations. In 2010, rail tracks totalled 690 km of 1.000 m narrow gauge track.

All major cities and towns are connected with Phnom Penh by highway, and from there roads connect to Vietnam, Laos, and Thailand. The US-built 214-km Khmer-America Friendship Highway links Phnom Penh with Kampong Sam. As of 2007, Cambodia had an estimated 38,093 km of main roads, of which only 2,977 km were paved; most are in poor condition.

The Mekong is the most important inland waterway. Total length of navigable waterways is 3,700 km for craft drawing 0.6 meters, but only 282 km for craft with a draft of 1.8 m. The river port of Phnom Penh has been upgraded. Until 1975, Saigon was the major transshipment point for outgoing and incoming Cambodian goods; the opening of the deepwater port of Kompong Som made Cambodia largely independent of Vietnam for ocean-going shipping. In 2005, Cambodia's merchant fleet totalled 479 ships (1,000 GRT or over).

As of 2012, Cambodia had an estimated 16 airports, of which six had paved runways, and two heliports (as of 2005). The main airport is at Phnom Penh; there are regular flights between Phnom Penh, Hanoi, Vientiane, and Ho Chi Minh City. In 2003, airline passenger traffic totalled about 116,000 passengers.


16 (2012)

Airports - with paved runways
total: 6
2,438 to 3,047 m: 3
1,524 to 2,437 m: 2
914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2012)

Airports - with unpaved runways
total: 10
1,524 to 2,437 m: 2
914 to 1,523 m: 7
under 914 m: 1 (2012)

1 (2012)

total: 690 km
narrow gauge: 690 km 1.000-m gauge
note: under restoration (2010)

total: 38,093 km
paved: 2,977 km
unpaved: 35,116 km (2007)

3,700 km (mainly on Mekong River) (2012)

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