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Population in Cambodia


The population of Cambodia in 2005 was estimated by the United Nations at 13,329,000, which placed it at number 66 in population among the 193 nations of the world. In 2005, approximately 3% of the population was over 65 years of age, with another 37% of the population under 15 years of age. There were 94 males for every 100 females in the country. According to the UN, the annual population growth rate for 2005-10 was expected to be 2.2%, a rate the government viewed as too high. In 2004, the government launched a National Population Policy, aimed at educating the population on the connections between high fertility, high population growth, and poverty. The government reported that 30% of women of reproductive age wanted to plan their pregnancies, but lacked the information and resources to do so. The projected population for the year 2025 was 18,939,000. The population density was 74 per km² (191 per mi²).

The UN estimated that 15% of the population lived in urban areas in 2005, and that urban areas were growing at an annual rate of 5.18%. The capital city, Phnom Penh, had a population of 1,157,000 in that year. Other cities include Battambang, Kampong Cham, Kampot, Siemreap, Kampong Saom, and Kracheh. A great majority of the people live in rural areas, with 90% of the rural population living in the plains of the central third of the country.

Estimates of Cambodia's population vary with the assessment of the impact of the 1970-75 war and the millions killed in its tumultuous aftermath. At the war's end, in April 1975, the population of the capital, Phnom Penh, had swollen to nearly 3 million because of a mass influx of refugees. The new government immediately embarked on a forced evacuation of all urban areas, and by March 1976, only 100,000-200,000 were thought to remain in Phnom Penh. After the installation of the PRK in 1979, the population of Phnom Penh began to increase. As of 2005, Cambodia had one of the highest rates of HIV/AIDS infection in Asia.


14,952,665 (July 2012 est.)
note: estimates for this country take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

Age structure
0-14 years: 31.9% (male 2,398,710/ female 2,373,652)
15-64 years: 64.3% (male 4,621,781/ female 4,989,200)
65 years and over: 3.8% (male 214,208/ female 355,114) (2012 est.)

Median age
total: 23.3 years
male: 22.6 years
female: 24 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate
1.687% (2012 est.)

Birth rate
25.17 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Death rate
7.97 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)

Net migration rate
-0.33 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)

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